Consumer Confidence Report

The Consumer Confidence Report (CCR) Rule requires community water supplies to annually report to their customers on the quality of the drinking water and the sources of that water, and to characterize the risks (if any) from exposure to contaminants detected in the water.,4561,7-135-3313_3675_3691-9673–,00.html – For more information about the requirement for annual testing of municipal water systems and reporting back to consumers.,4561,7-135-3313_3675_3691-9677–,00.html – For more information on the Lead and Copper Rule.

bear_lake_2016_ccr.pdf as supplied by Village of Bear Lake.

2016 Water Quality Report for Village of Bear Lake WSSN: 00510

This report covers the drinking water quality for the Village of Bear Lake for the calendar year 2016. This information is a snapshot of the quality of the water that we provided to you in 2016. Included are details about where your water comes from, what it contains, and how it compares to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state standards.

Your water comes from 2 groundwater wells. The State performed an assessment of our source water in 2003 to determine the susceptibility or the relative potential of contamination. The susceptibility rating is on a seven-tiered scale from “very-low” to “very-high” based primarily on geologic sensitivity, water chemistry and contaminant sources. The susceptibility of our source was determined to have “Moderate” level of susceptibility.

If you want to know more about the report please contact Jeff Bair, Village of Bear Lake, 7780 Lake St. P.O. Box 175, Bear Lake, MI 49614 (231) 864-4300.

Contaminants and their presence in water:

Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the EPA’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline (Hotline) (800-426-4791).

Vulnerability of sub-populations: Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immunocompromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune systems disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections.  These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Hotline.

Sources of drinking water: The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. Our water comes from wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally-occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.

Contaminants that may be present in source water include:

Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations and wildlife.

Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally-occurring or result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining or farming.

Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture and residential uses.

Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.

Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems.

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations that limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. Food and Drug Administration regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which provide the same protection for public health.

Water Quality Data

The table below lists all the drinking water contaminants that we detected during the 2015 calendar year. The presence of these contaminants in the water does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk. Unless otherwise noted, the data presented in this table is from testing done January 1 – December 31, 2015. The State allows us to monitor for certain contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants are not expected to vary significantly from year to year. All of the data is representative of the water quality, but some are more than one year old.

Terms and abbreviations used below:

 Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG): The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

 Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL): The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

 N/A: Not applicable

ND: not detectable at testing limit ppb: parts per billion or micrograms per liter ppm: parts per million or milligrams per liter pCi/l: picocuries per liter (a measure of radioactivity).

 Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements that a water system must follow.

* 90 percent of the samples collected were at or below the level reported for our water.
** Unregulated contaminants are those for which EPA has not established drinking water standards. Monitoring helps EPA to determine where certain contaminants occur and whether it needs to regulate those contaminants.

Information about lead: If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. Village of Bear Lake is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at

Infants and children who drink water containing lead in excess of the action level could experience delays in their physical or mental development. Children could show slight deficits in attention span and learning abilities. Adults who drink this water over many years could develop kidney problems or high blood pressure.

We met all monitoring and reporting requirements for 2016.

We will update this report annually and will keep you informed of any problems that may occur throughout the year, as they happen. Copies are available at the Village of Bear Lake office, 7780 Lake Street. This report will not be sent to you.

We invite public participation in decisions that affect drinking water quality or more information about this report, please contact Jeff Bair, Village President at (231) 864-4300, 7780 Lake Street, P.O. Box 175, Bear Lake, MI 49614. For more information about safe drinking water, visit the EPA website at

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CCR Delivery Options Include e-Delivery

Community water supplies must directly deliver the report to ALL bill-paying customers and to make a good faith effort to reach other consumers. Electronic delivery methods may be used, provided they are direct. This new option should lead to new ways to reach customers, along with reduced environmental impact (from paper use) and cost savings for water supplies. To help water supplies interested in developing eCCR programs, AWWA has developed a complimentary Electronic CCR Best Practices Guide (PDF, 4MB).

The U.S. EPA expects water supplies to deliver the CCR to all bill-paying customers using ANY combination of the following direct delivery methods:

  • Mail a paper copy of the CCR.
  • Mail a notification of CCR availability.
    Supplies could include a statement on the water bill or bill insert or in a separate mailing such as a postcard or a community newsletter.  The CCR must be on the Internet when the notification of CCR availability is sent out.
  • Email a notification of CCR availability.
    Supplies could include a statement in the text of the email that transmits the water bill or in a separate email message.

The notification of CCR availability:

  • Explains the nature of the message.
  • Prominently displays an easy-to-type URL that goes directly to the entire CCR.  The CCR must be on the Internet when the notification of CCR availability is sent out.
    A supply that does not have a web site may attach or insert the CCR in the email.
  • States how the customer can request a paper copy.

Here’s an example that includes all 3 of the above elements …

Subject:  Water Quality Report Available
Message: The water quality report describing the source and quality of your drinking water is available at To receive a paper copy in the mail, contact us at or 555-123-4567.

Delivery methods NOT considered “direct” are the following, though water supplies are encouraged to use any public outreach venue to promote CCR readership:

  • A URL that requires a customer to search or look for the CCR – a customer may not reach the CCR. A long, hard-to-type URL may also prevent a customer from reaching the CCR.
  • Social media – membership Internet outlets like Twitter or Facebook require a customer to join the website to read the CCR.
  • Automated phone calls – the entire content of the CCR cannot be provided in a phone call.


  • Customers known to be unable to receive the CCR electronically, must be sent a paper copy.
  • Supplies must continue to make a good faith effort to reach non-bill-paying customers.
  • Supplies must certify that they distributed the CCR as required.  A CCR Certificate of Distribution Form is available in Word and PDF formats.


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